Tupolev, Andrei Nikolayevich

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b. 10 November 1888 Pastomazovo, Russia
d. 23 December 1972 Moscow, Russia
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Russian aircraft designer.
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In 1909 he entered the Moscow Higher Technical School and became a pupil of Nikolai Zhukovsky, who was known as "the father of Russian aviation". Graduating in 1918, he helped Zhukovsky to set up the Zhukovsky Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute and was made Assistant Director. He was appointed Head of the Institute's Design Department in 1922: his work was concentrated on wind tunnels and gliders, but later included aerodynamic calculations and the construction of all-metal aircraft. His first significant design project was the twin-engined Ant-29 fighter prototype, which appeared in the early 1930s and eventually entered service as the SB-2. However, Tupolev and his wife fell victim to Stalin's purges in 1937: she was sent to a labour camp and he was imprisoned, but in 1943 both were rehabilitated and Tupolev was able to resume his design work. He devoted his attention to long-range strategic bombers, the first of these being the Tu-4, a copy of the US B-29, followed by the Tu-70 bomber. He also designed the Tu-104 airliner, and in 1967 he produced the world's first supersonic airliner, the Tu-144. Tupolev also became interested in fast-attack naval craft and designed a number of torpedo launches, and he rose to the rank of Lieutenant-General in the Soviet air force's Engineering and Technical Service.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Honoured Scientist and Technologist RSFSR 1933. Hero of Socialist Labour 1945. Member of the Supreme Soviet 1950–58. Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences 1953. Lenin Prize 1957. Stalin Prize.
CM

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Tupolev, Andrei (Nikolayevich) — born Nov. 10, 1888, Pustomazovo, Russia died Dec. 23, 1972, Moscow Russian aircraft designer. In 1918 he cofounded the U.S.S.R. s Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute, and in 1922 he became head of its design bureau (see Tupolev), producing… …   Universalium

  • Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev — Andrei Nikolajewitsch Tupolew (russisch Андрей Николаевич Туполев, wiss. Transliteration Andrej Nikolaevič Tupolev; * 29. Oktoberjul./ 10. November 1888greg. in Pustomasowo, Oblast Twer; † 23. Dezember 1972 in Moskau) war ein russischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nikolayevich — (as used in expressions) Nikolay Nikolayevich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Baryshnikov Mikhail Nikolayevich Benois Alexandre Nikolayevich Kosygin Aleksey Nikolayevich Kuropatkin Aleksey Nikolayevich Milyukov Pavel Nikolayevich Ostrovsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • Andrei — (as used in expressions) Andrei Friedmann Rublev Andrei Andrei Rublyov Tupolev Andrei Nikolayevich * * * …   Universalium

  • Andréi Túpolev — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andréi Nikoláyevich Túpolev (en ruso Андрей Николаевич Туполев ); (Poustomazovo, óblast de Tver; * 29 de octubre de 1888 † Moscú; 23 de diciembre de 1972), diseñador y constructor aeronáutico ruso. Fue un diseñador… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrei Tupolev — Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev ( ru. Андрей Николаевич Туполев; November 10, 1888 ndash; December 23, 1972) was a pioneering Soviet aircraft designer. During his career, he designed and oversaw the design of more than 100 types of aircraft, some of… …   Wikipedia

  • Túpolev — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tupolev — Public Stock Company Tupolev Type Division Industry Aerospace and defense Founded 1922 Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • Tupolev — /tooh poh leuhf/; Russ. /tooh peuh lyif/, n. Andrei Nikolayevich /un drddyay nyi ku lah yi vyich/, 1888 1972, Russian engineer and aircraft designer. * * * officially ANTK imeni A.N. Tupoleva formerly OKB 156 Russian aerospace design bureau that… …   Universalium

  • Tupolev — Tu•po•lev [[t]tuˈpoʊ ləf, ˈtu pə ləf[/t]] n. big Andrei Nikolayevich, 1888–1972, Russian engineer and aircraft designer …   From formal English to slang

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